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Mechanical behavior of SiC/SiC composites reinforced with new Tyranno SA4 fibers: Effect of interphase thickness and comparison with Tyranno SA3 and Hi-Nicalon S reinforced composites.

James Braun 1, * Cédric Sauder 1 
* Corresponding author
1 LTMEx - Laboratoire des Technologies des Matériaux EXtrêmes
SRMA - Service des Recherches Métallurgiques Appliquées : DEN/DMN/SRMA
Abstract : The development and availability of a new 3rd generation SiC fiber, the Tyranno SA4 (SA4), are promising for the processing of higher neutron and/or corrosion resistant SiC/SiC composites. Despite its promising properties, especially the higher crystallinity and thermal conductivity than the Hi-Nicalon S fiber, the previous Tyranno SA3 (SA3) reinforcement leads to low damage tolerant SiC/SiC composites, restraining its use as a reinforcement. The latter is the consequence of very high interfacial shear stress, whatever the pyrocarbon interphase thickness. In this work, tubular samples where produced with both reinforcements and with two different pyrocarbon interphase thicknesses for tensile mechanical characterizations to access the potential benefit of the new SA4 fibers. The tensile mechanical properties of SA4 composites are highly enhanced compared to SA3 composites. The low damage tolerance drawback of SA3 composites is solved with high ductility tensile mechanical behavior for SA4-based composites. Tensile mechanical tests also highlight an unusual influence of pyrocarbon interphase thickness on the composites tensile modulus and proportional limit stress. The thinner interphase (≈ 60 nm) is the most interesting for repeatable mechanical properties and induces high proportional limit stress. Unloading █ reloading cycles during tensile mechanical tests also highlight the benefit of this new fiber compare to Hi-Nicalon S. This work demonstrates that the substitution of SA3 by the new SA4 SiC fiber reinforcement in the processing of SiC/SiC composites is a great opportunity for the ceramic matrix composites development and especially for nuclear applications.
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Submitted on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 9:29:39 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, August 7, 2022 - 3:23:06 AM

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James Braun, Cédric Sauder. Mechanical behavior of SiC/SiC composites reinforced with new Tyranno SA4 fibers: Effect of interphase thickness and comparison with Tyranno SA3 and Hi-Nicalon S reinforced composites.. Journal of Nuclear Materials, Elsevier, 2021, 558, pp.153367. ⟨10.1016/j.jnucmat.2021.153367⟩. ⟨cea-03746265⟩

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