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GPU-based Implementations of MM Algorithms. Application to Spectroscopy Signal Restoration

Abstract : Restoration of analytical chemistry data from degraded physical acquisitions is an important task for chemists to obtain accurate component analysis and sound interpretation. The high-dimensional nature of these signals and the large amount of data to be processed call for fast and efficient reconstruction methods. Existing works have primarily relied on optimization algorithms to solve a penalized formulation. Although very powerful, such methods can be computationally heavy, and hyperparameter tuning can be a tedious task for non-experts. Another family of approaches explored recently consists in adopting deep learning to perform the signal recovery task in a supervised fashion. Although fast, thanks to their formulations amenable to GPU implementations, these methods usually need large annotated databases and are not explainable. In this work, we propose to combine the best of both worlds, by proposing unfolded Majorization-Minimization (MM) algorithms with the aim to reach fast and accurate methods for sparse spectroscopy signal restoration. Two state-of-the-art iterative MM algorithms are unfolded onto deep network architectures. This allows both the deployment of GPU-friendly tools for accelerated implementation, as well as the introduction of a supervised learning strategy for tuning automatically the regularization parameter. The effectiveness of our approach is demonstrated on the restoration of a large dataset of realistic mass spectrometry data.
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https://hal.inria.fr/hal-03275427
Contributor : Emilie Chouzenoux <>
Submitted on : Monday, July 26, 2021 - 10:04:23 AM
Last modification on : Monday, August 23, 2021 - 3:40:12 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-03275427, version 2

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Mouna Gharbi, Emilie Chouzenoux, Jean-Christophe Pesquet, Laurent Duval. GPU-based Implementations of MM Algorithms. Application to Spectroscopy Signal Restoration. EUSIPCO 2021 - 29th European Signal Processing Conference, Aug 2021, Dublin / Virtual, Ireland. ⟨hal-03275427v2⟩

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