Hydrodynamic Regimes Induced by Nanosecond Pulsed Discharges in Air: Mechanism of Vorticity Generation

Abstract : The mechanisms controlling the hydrodynamic effects induced by nanosecond pulsed discharges applied between two pin electrodes in air at atmospheric conditions are investigated experimentally and numerically. A cylindrical plasma kernel is formed between the electrodes during the discharge. After the discharge, schlieren images show that the cylindrical kernel evolves in different ways depending on the gap distance: (1) for short gap distances (< 4), the cylindrical kernel collapses to form a torus-like structure. In this case the flow field presents a significant source of vorticity; (2) for larger gaps (≥ 4), the kernel retains its initial cylindrical shape and cools down primarily through heat diffusion. The objective of this work is to understand the mechanisms leading to the formation of these two hydrodynamic regimes. To this end, simulations were performed and compared with the experimental schlieren images. It is shown that the main source of vorticity is the baroclinic torque caused by the cylindrical blast wave that follows the fast energy addition during the discharge. Finally, a criterion is given to predict the occurrence of the two hydrodynamic regimes. This criterion is then validated against experimental results from the literature.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 26, 2019 - 1:11:09 PM
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Ciprian Dumitrache, Arnaud Gallant, Nicolas Minesi, Sergey Stepanyan, Gabi Daniel Stancu, et al.. Hydrodynamic Regimes Induced by Nanosecond Pulsed Discharges in Air: Mechanism of Vorticity Generation. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, IOP Publishing, 2019, ⟨10.1088/1361-6463/ab28f9⟩. ⟨hal-02164353⟩

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