Laser pyrolysis : a method of interest for the controlled synthesis of amorphous or crystalline Si@C nanoparticles - application as anode materials in Li-Ion batteries

Abstract : In Lithium Ion Batteries, the replacement of graphite (372 mAh.g$^{-1}$) as anode active materials by higher specific capacity materials is a strategy to answer the continuous demand for increased energy storage. Silicon appears as an attractive material thanks to its high theoretical specific capacity (3579 mAh.g$^{-1}$). Use of silicon based anodes has not yet been realized because performances degrade rapidly. Silicon nanostructuration together with association of carbon enhances performances. In particular, core-shell silicon-carbon Si@C nanoparticles are attractive candidates to increase the capacity of Li-ion batteries while mitigating the detrimental effects of volume expansion upon lithiation processes. Such nanoparticles were synthesized in a single step by a continuous gas phase method, the laser pyrolysis, interesting for industrial production. We report here how flow simulations helped in the design of a reactor where decomposition of silane and ethylene are conducted in two successive reaction zones. This reactor could work in stable conditions for several hours leading to the single-step synthesis of amorphous or crystalline silicon nanoparticles coated with a carbon shell (a-Si@C). The advantages of the a-Si@C material is emphasized by comparison with c-Si@C material. In particular, cyclic voltammetry demonstrates that a-Si@C composite reaches maximal lithiation during the first sweep, which is attributed to the amorphous core. After 500 charge/discharge cycles, it retains a capacity of 1250 mAh.g$^{-1}$ (C/5 rate) and 800 mAh.g$^{-1}$ (2C), with a 99.95% coulombic efficiency Moreover, post-mortem observations show an electrode expansion of less than 20% in volume with preserved nanostructuration.
Document type :
Conference papers
Complete list of metadatas

https://hal-cea.archives-ouvertes.fr/cea-02342079
Contributor : Serge Palacin <>
Submitted on : Thursday, October 31, 2019 - 4:45:20 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 13, 2019 - 6:00:30 PM

File

Herlin_FIMPART_2017.pdf
Files produced by the author(s)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : cea-02342079, version 1

Citation

John Alper, Florent Boismain, Julien Sourice, Adrien Boulineau, Aurélie Habert, et al.. Laser pyrolysis : a method of interest for the controlled synthesis of amorphous or crystalline Si@C nanoparticles - application as anode materials in Li-Ion batteries. FIMPART 2017, Jul 2017, Bordeaux, France. ⟨cea-02342079⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

7

Files downloads

5