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Impact of pulsed electric fields and mechanical compressions on the permeability and structure of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii cells

Abstract : Current research findings clearly reveal the role of the microalga's cell wall as a key obstacle to an efficient and optimal compound extraction. Such extraction process is therefore closely related to the microalga species used. Effects of electrical or mechanical constraints on C. reinhardtii's structure and particularly its cell wall and membrane, is therefore investigated in this paper using a combination of microscopic tools. Membrane pores with a radius between 0.77 and 1.59 nm were determined for both reversible (5 kV•cm −1) and irreversible (7 kV•cm −1) electroporation with a 5 µs pulse duration. Irreversible electroporation with longer pulses (10 µs) lead to the entry of large molecules (at least 5.11 nm). Additionally, for the first time, the effect of pulsed electric fields on the cell wall was observed. The combined electrical and mechanical treatment showed a significant impact on the cell wall structure as observed under Transmission Electron Microscopy. This treatment permits the penetration of larger molecules (at least 5.11 nm) within the cell, shown by tracking the penetration of dextran molecules. For the first time, the size of pores on the cell membrane and the structural changes on the microalgae cell wall induced by electrical and mechanical treatments is reported.
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 20, 2020 - 6:37:10 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, February 16, 2021 - 3:34:08 AM
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Sakina Bensalem, Dominique Pareau, Bertrand Cinquin, Olivier Français, Bruno Le Pioufle, et al.. Impact of pulsed electric fields and mechanical compressions on the permeability and structure of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii cells. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2020, 10, pp.2668. ⟨10.1038/s41598-020-59404-6⟩. ⟨hal-02486263⟩

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