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Theses

Theoretical study of electron collisions with NO2 and N2O molecules for control and reduction of atmospheric pollution

Abstract : This thesis presents theoretical investigations on electron scattering with two polyatomic molecules of atmospheric pollution interest, the NO2 and N2O molecules. Regarding the NO2 molecule, we study the vibrational excitation between the lowest levels within the ground electronic states of this molecule. The calculation is carried out by an approach that combines the normal modes approximation for the vibrational states of the NO2, the UK R-matrix code to obtain electron–molecule S-matrix for fixed geometries of the target and the vibrational frame transformation to evaluate the scattering matrices for vibrational transitions. To our knowledge, the vibrational excitation cross section calculated in this thesis is reported for the first time for NO2 molecule. The uncertainty estimation of the results is thus performed to validate the present theoretical approach. Similarly, the vibrational excitation cross sections of N2O molecule are determined. The obtained results are in reasonable agreement with experimental data. The rate coefficient of vibrational excitation are obtained from the cross-sections for temperatures in the 10–10000 K range. The rotational structure of the target neutral molecules is neglected in the present approach, which implies that the obtained cross-sections and rate coefficients should be viewed as averaged over initial rotational states and summed over final rotational states of the corresponding initial and final vibrational levels. Finally, the dissociative electron attachment (DEA) of NO2 are also studied in this thesis. This process competes with vibrational excitation at the scattering energy range below the first electronic excited state of the target. The DEA cross section is calculated by the method based on the Bardsley-O’Malley theory developed for diatomic molecules and generalized to complex polyatomic molecules by Chi Hong Yuen et al. afterwards compared with available experimental measurements. The obtained results could be used in plasma modeling for control and reduction of atmospheric pollution.
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Hainan Liu. Theoretical study of electron collisions with NO2 and N2O molecules for control and reduction of atmospheric pollution. Theoretical and/or physical chemistry. Université Paris-Saclay, 2020. English. ⟨NNT : 2020UPAST030⟩. ⟨tel-03153639⟩

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