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Volatile and Organic Compositions of Sedimentary Rocks in Yellowknife Bay, Gale Crater, Mars

Douglas W. Ming 1 P. D. Archer 1 D. P. Glavin 2 J. L. Eigenbrode 2 H. B. Franz 3 B. Sutter 1 A. E. Brunner 2, 3 J. C. Stern 2 Caroline Freissinet 2 A. C. Mcadam 2 P. R. Mahaffy 2 Michel Cabane 4 Patrice Coll 5 J. L. Campbell 6 S. K. Atreya 7 P. B. Niles 1 J. F. Bell 8 D. L. Bish W. B. Brinckerhoff 2 A. Buch 9 P. G. Conrad 2 D. J. Des Marais 10 B. L. Ehlmann 11, 12 A. G. Fairen 13 K. Farley 11 G. J. Flesch 12 P. Francois 7 R. Gellert 6 J. A. Grant 14 John P. Grotzinger 11 S. Gupta 15 K. E. Herkenhoff 16 J. A. Hurowitz 17 L. A. Leshin 18 K. W. Lewis 19 S. M. Mclennan 20 K. E. Miller 21 J. Moersch 22 R. V. Morris 1 R. Navarro-Gonzalez 23 A. A. Pavlov 2 G. M. Perrett 6 I. Pradler 6 S. W. Squyres 13 R. E. Summons 21 A. Steele 24 E. M. Stolper 25 D. Y. Sumner 26 Cyril Szopa 4 S. Teinturier 2 M. G. Trainer 27 Allan H. Treiman 28 D. T. Vaniman 29 A. R. Vasavada 12 C. R. Webster 12 J. J. Wray 30 R. A. Yingst 29 Osku Kemppinen 31 Nathan Bridges 32 Jeffrey R. Johnson 32 Michelle Minitti 32 David Cremers 33 Lauren Edgar 8 Jack Farmer 34 Austin Godber 34 Meenakshi Wadhwa 35 Danika Wellington 34 Ian Mcewan 36 Claire Newman 36 Mark Richardson 36 Antoine Charpentier 37 Laurent Peret 37 Penelope King 38 Jennifer Blank 39 Gerald Weigle 40 Mariek Schmidt 41 Shuai Li 42 Ralph Milliken 42 Kevin Robertson 42 Vivian Sun 42 Michael Baker 25 Christopher Edwards 25 Bethany Ehlmann 25 Jennifer Griffes 25 Megan Newcombe 25 Cedric Pilorget 25 Melissa Rice 25 Kirsten Siebach 25 Katie Stack 25 Claude Brunet 43 Victoria Hipkin 43 Richard Leveille 43 Geneviève Marchand 43 Pablo Sobron Sanchez 43 Laurent Favot 44 George Cody 24 Lorenzo Fluckiger 45 David Lees 45 Ara Nefian 45 Mildred Martin 46 Marc Gailhanou 47 Frances Westall 48 Guy Israel 49 Christophe Agard 50 Julien Baroukh 50 Christophe Donny 50 Alain Gaboriaud 50 Philippe Guillemot 50 Vivian Lafaille 50 Eric Lorigny 50 Alexis Paillet 50 René Perez 50 Muriel Saccoccio 50 Charles Yana 50 Carlos Armiens-Aparicio 51 Javier Caride Rodriguez 51 Isaias Carrasco Blazquez 51 Felipe Gomez Gomez 51 Javier Gomez-Elvira 51 Sebastien Hettrich 51 Alain Lepinette Malvitte 51 Mercedes Marin Jimenez 51 Jesus Martinez-Frias 51 Javier Martin-Soler 51 F. Javier Martin-Torres 51 Antonio Molina Jurado 51 Luis Mora-Sotomayor 51 Guillermo Munoz Caro 51 Sara Navarro Lopez 51 Verónica Peinado-Gonzalez 51 Jorge Pla-Garcia 51 José Antonio Rodriguez Manfredi 51 Julio José Romeral-Planello 51 Sara Alejandra Sans Fuentes 51 Eduardo Sebastian Martinez 51 Josefina Torres Redondo 51 Roser Urqui-O'Callaghan 51 María-Paz Zorzano Mier 51 Steve Chipera 52 Jean-Luc Lacour 53 Patrick Mauchien 54 Jean-Baptiste Sirven 53 Heidi Manning 55 Alexander Hayes 13 Jonathan Joseph 56 Robert Sullivan 56 Peter Thomas 56 Audrey Dupont 57 Angela Lundberg 58 Noureddine Melikechi 58 Alissa Mezzacappa 58 Julia Demarines 59 David Grinspoon 59 Günter Reitz 60 Benito Prats 2 Evgeny Atlaskin 61 Maria Genzer 61 Ari-Matti Harri 61 Harri Haukka 61 Henrik Kahanpää 61 Janne Kauhanen 61 Mark Paton 61 Jouni Polkko 61 Walter Schmidt 61 Tero Siili 61 Cécile Fabre 62 Mary Beth Wilhelm 63, 64 Franck Poitrasson 65 Kiran Patel 66 Stephen Gorevan 67 Stephen Indyk 67 Gale Paulsen 67 Juergen Schieber 68 Brigitte Gondet 69 Yves Langevin 69 Claude Geffroy 70 David Baratoux 71 Gilles Berger 71 Alain Cros 71 Claude d'Uston 71 Olivier Forni 71 Olivier Gasnault 71 Jérémie Lasue 71 Qiu-Mei Lee 71 S. Maurice 71 P.-Y. Meslin 71 Etienne Pallier 71 Yann Parot 71 Patrick Pinet 71 Susanne Schroder 71 Mike Toplis 71 Eric Lewin 72 Will Brunner Ezat Heydari 73 Cherie Achilles 74 Dorothy Oehler 74 David Coscia 4 Gilles Dromart 75 François Robert 76 Violaine Sautter 76 Stéphane Le Mouelic 77 Nicolas Mangold 77 M. Nachon 77 Fabien Stalport 5 François Raulin 5 J. Cameron S. Clegg 78 Agnes Cousin 78 D. Delapp 78 R. Dingler R. S. Jackson S. Johnstone 78 N. Lanza 78 C. Little T. Nelson R. C. Wiens 79 R. B. Williams A. Jones 69 L. Kirkland Burt Baker 80 Bruce Cantor 80 Michael Caplinger 80 Scott Davis 80 Brian Duston 80 Kenneth Edgett 80 Donald Fay 80 Craig Hardgrove 80 David Harker 80 Paul Herrera 80 Elsa Jensen 80 Megan R. Kennedy 80 Gillian Krezoski 80 D. Krysak L. Lipkaman M. Malin E. Mccartney S. Mcnair B. Nixon L. Posiolova M. Ravine A. Salamon L. Saper K. Stoiber K. Supulver J. van Beek 81 T. van Beek R. Zimdar K. L. French K. Iagnemma K. Miller 21 F. Goesmann 82 W. Goetz 82 S. Hviid 83 M. Johnson M. Lefavor E. Lyness 2 E. Breves M. D. Dyar C. Fassett David F. Blake 64 Thomas Bristow 64 Laurence Edwards 64 Robert Haberle 64 Tori Hoehler 64 Jeff Hollingsworth 64 Melinda Kahre 64 Leslie Keely 64 Christopher Mckay 64 Lora Bleacher 2 David Choi 38 Jason P. Dworkin 2 Melissa Floyd 2 James Garvin 2 Daniel Harpold 2 David K. Martin 2 Eric Raaen 2 Michael D. Smith 2 Florence Tan 2 Michael Meyer 84 Arik Posner 84 Mary Voytek 84 Robert C. Anderson 12 Andrew Aubrey 12 Luther W. Beegle 12 Alberto Behar 12 Diana Blaney 12 David Brinza 12 Fred Calef 12 Lance Christensen 12 Joy A. Crisp 12 Lauren Deflores 12 Jason Feldman 12 Sabrina Feldman 12 Insoo Jun 12 D. Keymeulen 12 J. Maki M. Mischna J. M. Morookian T. Parker B. Pavri M. Schoppers A. Sengstacken J. J. Simmonds N. Spanovich Manuel de la Torre Juarez 12 Albert Yen 12 Francis Cucinotta 1 John H. Jones 1 Elizabeth Rampe 1 Thomas Nolan Martin Fisk 85 Leon Radziemski Bruce Barraclough 29 Steve Bender 29 Daniel Berman 29 Eldar Noe Dobrea 29 Robert Tokar 29 Rebecca M. E. Williams 29 T. Cleghorn W. Huntress G. Manhes J. Hudgins T. Olson Noël Stewart Philippe Sarrazin 86 E. Vicenzi Sharon A. Wilson 87 M. Bullock 88 B. Ehresmann V. Hamilton D. Hassler J. Peterson S. Rafkin 88 C. Zeitlin F. Fedosov D. Golovin N. Karpushkina A. Kozyrev M. Litvak A. Malakhov Igor Mitrofanov 89 M. Mokrousov S. Nikiforov V. Prokhorov A. Sanin Vladislav Tretyakov 89 A. Varenikov A. Vostrukhin Ruslan Kuzmin 89 B. Clark M. Wolff O. Botta Darrell Drake 90 K. Bean Mark Lemmon 91 Susanne P. Schwenzer 92 R. B. Anderson 16 E. M. Lee 16 R. Sucharski M. A. D. P. Hernandez J. J. B. Avalos M. Ramos M.-H. Kim C. Malespin 2 I. Plante J.-P. Muller R. Ewing W. Boynton R. Downs M. Fitzgibbon K. Harshman S. Morrison 93 W. Dietrich O. Kortmann M. Palucis A. Williams 94 G. Lugmair M. A. Wilson D. Rubin B. Jakosky 95 T. Balic-Zunic J. Frydenvang J. K. Jensen K. Kinch A. Koefoed Morten Bo Madsen 96 S. L. S. Stipp N. Boyd S. Vanbommel S. Jacob T. Owen 97 S. Rowland H. Savijarvi E. Boehm S. Bottcher S. Burmeister J. Guo J. Kohler C. M. Garcia R. Mueller-Mellin R. Wimmer-Schweingruber J. C. Bridges T. Mcconnochie M. Benna 2 H. Bower H. Blau T. Boucher M. Carmosino H. Elliott D. Halleaux N. Renno 7 M. Wong R. Pepin B. Elliott J. Spray L. Thompson S. Gordon H. Newsom A. Ollila J. Williams P. Vasconcelos J. Bentz K. Nealson R. Popa L. C. Kah C. Tate 22 M. Day G. Kocurek B. Hallet R. Sletten R. Francis E. Mccullough E. Cloutis I. L. ten Kate R. Arvidson A. Fraeman D. Scholes S. Slavney T. Stein J. Ward J. Berger J. E. Moores
4 IMPEC - LATMOS
LATMOS - Laboratoire Atmosphères, Milieux, Observations Spatiales
54 LILM - Laboratoire d'Interaction Laser Matière
DPC - Département de Physico-Chimie : DEN/DPC/SCP/LILM
79 ISR-2 - Space Remote Sensing Group
LANL - Los Alamos National Laboratory
Abstract : H2O, CO2, SO2, O2, H2, H2S, HCl, chlorinated hydrocarbons, NO, and other trace gases were evolved during pyrolysis of two mudstone samples acquired by the Curiosity rover at Yellowknife Bay within Gale crater, Mars. H2O/OH-bearing phases included 2:1 phyllosilicate(s), bassanite, akaganeite, and amorphous materials. Thermal decomposition of carbonates and combustion of organic materials are candidate sources for the CO2. Concurrent evolution of O2 and chlorinated hydrocarbons suggests the presence of oxychlorine phase(s). Sulfides are likely sources for sulfur-bearing species. Higher abundances of chlorinated hydrocarbons in the mudstone compared with Rocknest windblown materials previously analyzed by Curiosity suggest that indigenous martian or meteoritic organic carbon sources may be preserved in the mudstone; however, the carbon source for the chlorinated hydrocarbons is not definitively of martian origin.
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https://hal-centralesupelec.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01238192
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Submitted on : Friday, December 4, 2015 - 2:32:27 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 19, 2020 - 10:17:33 AM

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Douglas W. Ming, P. D. Archer, D. P. Glavin, J. L. Eigenbrode, H. B. Franz, et al.. Volatile and Organic Compositions of Sedimentary Rocks in Yellowknife Bay, Gale Crater, Mars. Science, American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2014, 343 (6169), ⟨10.1126/science.1245267⟩. ⟨hal-01238192⟩

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