A comprehensive dual-scale wood torrefaction model: Application to the analysis of thermal run-away in industrial heat treatment processes

Abstract : A dual-scale model of the torrefaction of wood was developed and used to study industrial configurations. At the local scale, the computational code solves the coupled heat and mass transfer and the thermal degradation mechanisms of the wood components. At the global scale, the two-way coupling between the boards and the stack channels is treated as an integral component of the process. This model is used to investigate the effect of the stack configuration on the heat treatment of the boards. The simulations highlight that the exothermic reactions occurring in each single board can be accumulated along the stack. This phenomenon may result in a dramatic heterogeneity of the process and poses a serious risk of thermal runaway, which is often observed in industrial plants. The model is used to explain how thermal runaway can be lowered by increasing the airflow velocity, the sticker thickness or by gas flow reversal.
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International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Elsevier, 2013, 64, pp.838-849. 〈10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2013.03.066〉
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https://hal-centralesupelec.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01240065
Contributeur : Catherine Kruch <>
Soumis le : mardi 8 décembre 2015 - 16:12:55
Dernière modification le : jeudi 5 avril 2018 - 12:30:09

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Patrick Perre, R. Rémond, I. Turner. A comprehensive dual-scale wood torrefaction model: Application to the analysis of thermal run-away in industrial heat treatment processes. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Elsevier, 2013, 64, pp.838-849. 〈10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2013.03.066〉. 〈hal-01240065〉

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