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Impedence methodology: A new way to characterize the setting reaction of dental cements

Abstract : Objectives Impedance spectroscopy is a non-destructive, quantitative method, commonly used nowadays for industrial research on cement and concrete. The aim of this study is to investigate the interest of impedance spectroscopy in the characterization of setting process of dental cements. Methods Two types of dental cements are used in this experiment: a new Calcium Silicate cement Biodentine™ (Septodont, Saint Maur-des Fossés, France) and a glass ionomer cement resin modified or not (Fuji II® LC Improved Capsules and Fuji IX® GP Fast set Capsules, GC Corp., Tokyo, Japan). The conductivity of the dental cements was determined by impedance spectroscopy measurements carried out on dental cement samples immersed in a 0.1 M potassium chloride solution (KCl) in a “like-permeation” cell connected to a potentiostat and a Frequency Response Analyzer. The temperature of the solution is 37 °C. From the moment of mixing of powder and liquid, the experiments lasted 2 weeks. Results The results obtained for each material are relevant of the setting process. For GIC, impedance values are stabilized after 5 days while at least 14 days are necessary for the calcium silicate based cement. Significance In accordance with the literature regarding studies of cements and concrete, impedance spectroscopy can characterize ion mobility, porosity and hardening process of dental hydrogel materials.
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 17, 2015 - 2:45:55 PM
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Cyril Villat, X.V. Tran, Nelly Pradelle-Plasse, Pierre Ponthiaux, François Wenger, et al.. Impedence methodology: A new way to characterize the setting reaction of dental cements. Dental Materials, Elsevier, 2010, 26 (12), pp.1127-1132. ⟨10.1016/⟩. ⟨hal-01245645⟩



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