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Phase stability and structural temperature dependence in powdered multiferroic BiFeO3

Abstract : We report a temperature-dependent investigation of the multiferroic perovskite bismuth ferrite BiFeO3 (BFO) by using x-ray powder diffraction together with differential scanning calorimetry measurements. Our results provide evidence that the paraelectric phase above Tc =820°C is not cubic but distorted and can be well refined in a monoclinic P 21 /m space group. An equivalent structure can be reconstructed based on the C2/m monoclinic space group and by assuming two types of bismuth sites. The marked change of the cell volume at Tc provides evidence for the first-order nature of the R3c -to- P 21 /m transition. The high-temperature P 21 /m phase is centrosymmetric and characterized by (i) strong oxygen octahedra tilting along the b axis; (ii) the occurrence of antiferroelectric displacements of the Fe cations; and (iii) an interesting lamellar structure characterized by two different types of BiO12 cages. The temperature-induced lamellar structure suggests a significant electronic rearrangement in terms of chemical bonding, which in turn might condition anisotropic electronic properties. The occurrence of a lamellar structure provides also an understanding of why BFO decomposes suddenly at higher temperatures. Finally, an anomaly in the evolution of the cell parameters at TN underlines the spin-lattice coupling in proximity of the magnetic transition. © 2008 The American Physical Society.
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Submitted on : Friday, August 23, 2019 - 11:34:17 AM
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R. Haumont, I.A. Kornev, S. Lisenkov, L. Bellaiche, J. Kreisel, et al.. Phase stability and structural temperature dependence in powdered multiferroic BiFeO3. Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, American Physical Society, 2008, 78 (13), pp.134108. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevB.78.134108⟩. ⟨hal-02269769⟩



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