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Characterization of giant magnetostrictive materials under static stress: influence of loading boundary conditions

Abstract : Giant magnetostrictive materials (GMM) can be integrated in actuator or sensor applications. The design of these systems is optimized based on a good knowledge of the material properties and conditions of use. Terfenol-D exhibits the greatest room temperature strain among commercially available GMM, however, its magneto-elastic behavior is very sensitive to pre-stress level. In this work, the design of an experimental setup dedicated to the characterization of GMM magneto-mechanical behavior under constant stress is described. A major difficulty is to master the mechanical boundary conditions while the sample is subjected to dynamic magnetic loading. The dynamic stress experienced by the sample is connected to the magnitude of the magnetostriction strain, the stiffness of the sample and the stiffness of the characterization setup. Results show that an appropriate setup is able to reduce the dynamic stress variations induced by magnetic excitation variations below 0.1 MPa, while this dynamic stress can reach up to 20 times the magnitude of the applied stress when the control system is not used. With the boundary conditions being controlled, magnetic and magnetostrictive behavior of Terfenol-D are characterized under various uniaxial compressive stress levels, from the stress-free conditions to 90 MPa. By comparing the results obtained under controlled and non-controlled stress conditions, it is shown that uncontrolled boundary conditions can be responsible for errors of several percent on the magnetic induction measurement. The measurement of strain is even more sensitive to the boundary conditions, with errors up to 40% and 30% on the longitudinal and transverse strains, respectively. This work highlights the utmost importance to control the boundary conditions in order to characterize the magneto-mechanical behavior of GMM.
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 16, 2020 - 9:04:57 AM
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Mathieu Domenjoud, Éric Berthelot, Nicolas Galopin, Romain Corcolle, Yves Bernard, et al.. Characterization of giant magnetostrictive materials under static stress: influence of loading boundary conditions. Smart Materials and Structures, IOP Publishing, 2019, 28 (9), pp.095012. ⟨10.1088/1361-665X/ab313b⟩. ⟨hal-02293690⟩

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