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Electrical and hydrodynamic characterization of a high current pulsed arc

Abstract : High current pulsed arcs are of significant industrial interest and, aiming to reduce time and cost, there is progressively more and more need for computation tools that describe and predict the behaviour of these arcs. These simulation codes need inputs and validations by experimental databases, but accurate data is missing for this category of electric discharges. The principal lack of understanding is with respect to the transient phase of the current, which can reach thousands of amperes in a few microseconds. In this paper, we present the work realized on an experimental setup that simulates in the laboratory an arc column subjected to five levels of high pulsed current, ranging from 10 kA to 100 kA, with the last one corresponding to the standard lightning current waveform used in aircraft certification processes. This device was instrumented by high speed video cameras to assess the characteristic sizes of the arc channel and to characterize the shock wave generated by the arc expansion. The arc channel radius was measured over time during the axisymmetric phase and reached 3.2 cm. The position and velocity of the shock wave was determined during the first 140 mu s. The background- oriented schlieren method was used to study the shock wave and a model for the light deflection inside the shock wave was developed. The mass density profile of the shock wave was estimated and showed good agreement with Rankine-Hugoniot relations at the wave front. Electrical measurements were also used to estimate the time-dependent resistance and conductivity of the arc for times lasting up to 50 mu s.
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Submitted on : Monday, December 9, 2019 - 9:47:57 AM
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Rafael Alexandre Sousa Martins, Laurent Chemartin, Clement Zaepffel, Philippe Lalande, Anouar Soufiani. Electrical and hydrodynamic characterization of a high current pulsed arc. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, IOP Publishing, 2016, 49 (18), ⟨10.1088/0022-3727/49/18/185204⟩. ⟨hal-02399386⟩



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