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Application of Taguchi approach to optimize the sol-gel process of the quaternary Cu2ZnSnS4 with good optical properties

Abstract : Present research deals with the optimal deposition parameters configuration for the synthesis of Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) thin films using the sol-gel method associated to spin coating on ordinary glass substrates without sulfurization. The Taguchi design with a L9 (34) orthogonal array, a signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio and an analysis of variance (ANOVA) are used to optimize the performance characteristic (optical band gap) of CZTS thin films. Four deposition parameters called factors namely the annealing temperature, the annealing time, the ratios Cu/(Zn + Sn) and Zn/Sn were chosen. To conduct the tests using the Taguchi method, three levels were chosen for each factor. The effects of the deposition parameters on structural and optical properties are studied. The determination of the most significant factors of the deposition process on optical properties of as-prepared films is also done. The results showed that the significant parameters are Zn/Sn ratio and the annealing temperature by applying the Taguchi method. © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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https://hal-centralesupelec.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02434086
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 9, 2020 - 4:45:17 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 7, 2020 - 4:20:36 PM

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Joël Hervé Nkuissi Tchognia, Bouchaib Hartiti, Abderraouf Ridah, Jean-Marie Ndjaka, Philippe Thevenin. Application of Taguchi approach to optimize the sol-gel process of the quaternary Cu2ZnSnS4 with good optical properties. Optical Materials, Elsevier, 2016, 57, pp.85-92. ⟨10.1016/j.optmat.2016.04.023⟩. ⟨hal-02434086⟩

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