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Frequency Excursion Mitigation in a Multi-Source Islanded Energy System using Meta-Heuristic Optimization Strategies

Abstract : Distributed Energy Resources and Electric vehicles are getting more popular in the energy market. They are emerging as promising concepts that can bring a revolution in the field of energy resources and transportation systems. The integration of different renewable energy resources and electric vehicles leads to a comprehensive microgrid (MG). It is a fact that an increase in power demand leads to a drop in power frequency and vice-versa, which adversely affects the power quality of the system. Therefore, the primary idea of this research work is to regulate frequency by controlling the wind power and available EV power. In this paper, a detailed MG model is simulated in MATLAB/Simulink with wind and EV as one of the sources using fractional order PID (FOPID) controller. Further, parameters of FOPID controller is optimized by using Ant Colony Optimization(ACO) and Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO). The frequency responses, wind power, and EV power results are compared for three cases; FOPID without optimization, ACO based FOPID, and PSO based FOPID. The generalized wind model and total energy model (TEM) are used for simulating wind source and EV, respectively. Optimizer based FOPID controller provides a better response for the defined objective function.
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https://hal-centralesupelec.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03019560
Contributor : Houria Siguerdidjane <>
Submitted on : Monday, November 23, 2020 - 2:17:52 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 25, 2020 - 3:05:31 PM

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R. Venkatesh, P. Sharmay, Houria Siguerdidjane, D. Kumar, H. D. Mathur. Frequency Excursion Mitigation in a Multi-Source Islanded Energy System using Meta-Heuristic Optimization Strategies. IEEE SEGE -8th international conference on Smart Energy Grid Engineering 2020, Aug 2020, Oshawa, Canada. ⟨10.1109/sege49949.2020.9182006⟩. ⟨hal-03019560⟩

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