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Electromechanical conversion efficiency of GaN NWs: critical influence of the NW stiffness, the Schottky nano-contact and the surface charge effects

Abstract : The piezoelectric nanowires (NWs) are considered as promising nanomaterials to develop high-efficient piezoelectric generators. Establishing the relationship between their characteristics and their piezoelectric conversion properties is now essential to further improve the devices. However, due to their nanoscale dimensions, the NWs are characterized by new properties that are challenging to investigate. Here, we use an advanced nano-characterization tool derived from AFM to quantify the piezo-conversion properties of NWs axially compressed with a well-controlled applied force. This unique technique allows to establish the direct relation between the output signal generation and the NW stiffness and to quantify the electromechanical coupling coefficient of GaN NWs, which can reach up to 43.4%. We highlight that this coefficient is affected by the formation of the Schottky nano-contact harvesting the piezo-generated energy, and is extremely sensitive to the surface charge effects, strongly pronounced in sub-100 nm wide GaN NWs. These results constitute a new building block in the improvement of NW-based nanogenerator devices.
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https://hal-centralesupelec.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03719768
Contributor : Frédéric Houzé Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, July 27, 2022 - 11:46:37 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 3, 2022 - 3:58:25 AM

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d1nr07863a.pdf
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Noelle Gogneau, Pascal Chrétien, Tanbir Sodhi, Laurent Couraud, Laetitia Leroy, et al.. Electromechanical conversion efficiency of GaN NWs: critical influence of the NW stiffness, the Schottky nano-contact and the surface charge effects. Nanoscale, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2022, 14 (13), pp.4965-4976. ⟨10.1039/d1nr07863a⟩. ⟨hal-03719768⟩

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