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Développement d’un outil de Corrélation d’Images Numériques pour la caractérisation du comportement piézoélectrique et ferroélectrique

Abstract : Piezoelectric and ferroelectric materials exhibit a coupled electromechanicalbehaviour. This property allows a use in various kinds of applications such as sensors,actuators, harvesting devices or converters. In addition, due to their non-linear and dissipativebehaviour, ferroelectric materials are increasingly used in electronic applications such astunable capacitors, non-volatile memory, oscillators and filters. The performance andreliability of such devices depend on the material electromechanical properties, whichconsequently need to be characterised. In the past decades, such characterisation was largelydeveloped and the piezoelectric, ferroelectric, ferroelastic and dielectric properties offerroelectrics were the subject of numerous studies. Yet the test conditions are difficult tocontrol due to the strong interplay between thermal, mechanical and dielectric properties.In this work, a full-field measurement apparatus has been designed to characterise thepiezoelectric and ferroelectric strain behaviour of ferroelectric ceramics. This apparatus usesan optical setup and a 2D Digital Image Correlation (DIC) algorithm named CorreliRT3. Thealgorithm is based on a global approach and reduces the displacement field errors using thebalance equations of solid mechanics. It is shown that piezoelectric and ferroelectric strainscan be measured with an uncertainty around 10-5 by using the developed setup. Thisuncertainty is reached under uncoupled or coupled loading (electric field and/or stress). It isalso shown that the experimental setup can control the test conditions by characterising thestrain heterogeneity during the test.In the two last chapters, a ferroelectric material is characterised under electric field andstress. The material behaviour is presented and discussed in the different loadingconfigurations. Material properties, such as the longitudinal and transverse piezoelectriccoefficients (d33, d31) are extracted and analysed as a function of the electric field and stress.The results show that the DIC technique is able to measure and characterise the behaviour andthe properties of ferroelectric and piezoelectric materials. The main benefits of this techniqueis that, contrary to classical measurement techniques, the measurement does not alter the testconditions. Moreover, DIC is able to detect test anomalies such as strain heterogeneities
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Valentin Segouin. Développement d’un outil de Corrélation d’Images Numériques pour la caractérisation du comportement piézoélectrique et ferroélectrique. Autre. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLC110⟩. ⟨tel-01943036v2⟩

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