C. Randall, A. Kelnberger, G. Yang, R. E. Eitel, and T. Shrout, High strain piezoelectric multilayer actuators-a material science and engineering challenge, Journal of Electroceramics, vol.14, issue.3, pp.177-191, 2005.

F. A. James and E. , The Correspondence of Michael Faraday, The Institution of Electrical Engineers, William Whewell to Faraday, vol.3, p.442, 1798.

W. Wersing, G. Zorn, and K. Lubitz, Comparison of piezoelectric constants of PZT ceramics with values calculated from electrostrictive coefficients, Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, vol.24, p.724, 1985.

G. Zorn, W. Wersing, and H. Göbel, Electrostrictive tensor components of PZT-ceramics measured by X-ray diffraction, Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, vol.24, p.721, 1985.

R. K. Kirby, Thermal expansion of polytetrafluoroethylene (teflon) from-190 to +300 °C, Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards, vol.57, issue.2, 1956.

J. A. Kosinski, J. G. Gualtieri, and A. Ballato, Thermal expansion of alpha quartz, Forty-fifth annual symposium on frequency control, p.22, 1991.

Z. Zhuang, M. Haun, S. Jang, and L. E. Cross, Composition and temperature dependence of the dielectric, piezoelectric and elastic properties of pure PZT ceramics, IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, vol.36, issue.4, 1989.

S. Shkuratov, J. Baird, and E. Talantsev, Extension of thickness-dependent dielectric breakdown law on adiabatically compressed ferroelectric materials, Applied Physics Letters, vol.102, issue.052906, 2013.

G. Han, J. Ryu, W. Yoon, J. Choi, B. Hahn et al., Stress-controlled Pb(Zr 0.52 Ti 0.48 )O 3 thick films by thermal expansion mismatch between substrate and Pb(Zr 0.52 Ti 0.48 )O 3 film, Journal of Applied Physics, vol.110, issue.124101, 2011.

D. Zhou, Experimental investigation of non-linear constitutive behavior of pzt piezoceramics, 2003.

D. Hennings, Barium titanate based ceramic materials for dielectric use, International Journal of High Technology Ceramics, vol.3, pp.91-111, 1987.

A. Branwood, J. Hurd, and R. Tredgold, Dielectric breakdown in barium titanate, British Journal of Applied Physics, vol.13, issue.10, p.528, 1962.

Y. He, Heat capacity, thermal conductivity, and thermal expansion of barium titanate-based ceramics, Thermochimica Acta, vol.419, pp.135-141

A. Bravais, Mémoire sur les systèmes formés par des points distribués régulièrement sur un plan ou dans l'espace, Journal de l'École Polytechnique, vol.19, pp.1-128, 1850.

W. Borchardt-ott, The 14 Bravais Lattices, Crystallography. Springer, pp.75-118, 2011.

F. Benabdallah, Evolution des propriétés diélectriques, ferroélectriques et électromécaniques dans le système pseudo-binaire (1-x)BaTi 0.8 Zr 0 .2O 3-x Ba 0.7 Ca 0.3 TiO 3 / corrélations structures et propriétés, 2013.

J. Ducarne, Modélisation et optimisation de dispositifs non-linéaires d'amortissement de structures par systèmes piézoélectriques commutés, Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers, 2009.

D. Damjanovic, Ferroelectric, dielectric and piezoelectric properties of ferroelectric thin films and ceramics, Report on Progress in Physics, vol.61, pp.1267-1324, 1998.

P. Dineva, D. Gross, R. Müller, and T. Rangelov, Dynamic Fracture of Piezoelectric Materials, ser. Solid Mechanics and Its Application, Piezoelectric Materials, pp.7-32, 2014.

D. Royer and E. Dieulessaint, Ondes élastiques dans les solides, vol.1

. Masson, , 1996.

M. Domenjoud, Caractérisation des propriétés électroacoustiques de structures piézoélectriques soumises à une contrainte statique de type électrique ou mécanique, Physique/Acoustique, 2012.

R. Cook and P. Weissler, Piezoelectric constants of alpha-and beta-quartz at various temperatures, Physical Review, vol.80, issue.4, pp.712-717, 1950.

A. Mullen, Temperature variation of the piezoelectric constant of quartz, Journal of Applied Physics, vol.40, issue.1693, 1969.

V. Dmitriev, P. Tolédano, V. Torgashev, and E. Salje, Theory of reconstructive phase transitions between SiO 2 polymorphs, Physical Review B, vol.58, issue.18, pp.11911-11921, 1998.

S. Hwang, C. Lynch, and R. Mcmeeking, Ferroelectric/ferroelastic interactions and a polarization switching model, Acta Metallurgica et Materialia, vol.43, issue.5, pp.2073-2084, 1995.

B. Jaffe, W. Cook, and H. Jaffe, Piezoelectric Ceramics, 1971.

S. Pramanik, B. Pingguan-murphy, and A. Osman, Developments of immobilized surface modified piezoelectric crystal biosensors for advanced applications, International Journal of Electrochemical Science, vol.8, pp.8863-8892, 2013.

Y. Chen, K. Lam, D. Zhou, Q. Yue, Y. Yu et al., High performance relaxor-based ferroelectric single crystals for ultrasonic transducer applications, Sensors, vol.14, pp.13730-13758, 2014.

T. Tani, Processing design of single crystals and textured polycrystals for advanced electronic devices, R&D Review of Toyota CRDL, vol.41, issue.2, pp.1-4, 2006.

S. Stemmer, S. Streiffer, F. Ernst, and M. Rüuhle, Atomistic structure of 90° domain walls in ferroelectric PbTiO 3 thin films, Philosophical Magazine A, vol.71, issue.3, pp.713-724, 1995.

D. Alikin, A. Turygin, A. Kholkin, and V. Shur, Ferroelectric domain structure and local piezoelectric properties of lead-free (Ka 0.5 Na 0.5 )NbO 3 and BiFeO 3-based piezoelectric ceramics, Materials, vol.10, issue.1, p.47, 2017.

M. H. Malakooti and H. A. Sodano, Direct measurement of piezoelectric shear coefficient, Journal of Applied Physics, vol.113, p.214106, 2013.

D. Hall, Nonlinearity in piezoelectric ceramics, Journal of Materials Science, vol.36, pp.4575-4601, 2001.

Y. Li, X. Zhou, and F. Li, Temperature-dependent mechanical depolarization of ferroelectric ceramics, Journal of Physics D-Applied Physics, vol.43, issue.175501, p.8, 2010.

B. Kaeswurm, F. H. Schader, and K. G. Webber, Ferroelectric, ferroelastic, piezoelectric, and dielectric properties of lead zirconate titanate from-150 °C to 350 °C, Ceramics International, vol.44, issue.2, pp.2358-2363, 2018.

F. H. Schader, G. Rossetti, J. Luo, and K. G. Webber, Piezoelectric and ferroelectric properties of <001> C Pb(In 1/2 Nb 1/2 ) O 3-Pb(Mg 1/3 Nb 2/3 )O 3-PbTiO 3 single crystals under combined thermal and mechanical loading, Acta Materialia, vol.126, pp.174-181, 2017.

M. Nicolai, S. Uhlig, A. Schönecker, and A. Michaelis, Experimental investigation of non-linear behaviour of PZT piezoceramics at low temperatures, Advances in Science and Technology, vol.56, pp.105-110, 2008.

K. Webber, R. Zuo, and C. Lynch, Ceramic and single-crystal (1-x)PMN-xPT constitutive behavior under combined stress and electric field loading, Acta Materialia, vol.56, pp.1219-1227, 2008.

L. Daniel, D. Hall, J. Koruza, K. Webber, A. King et al., Revisiting the blocking force test on ferroelectric ceramics using high energy x-ray diffraction, Journal of Applied Physics, vol.117, p.174104, 2015.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01235008

M. Domenjoud, J. Bustillo, and M. Lethiecq, Domain motion modeling for hysteresis in piezoceramic materials under mechanical loading, Applied Physics Letters, vol.104, p.182906, 2014.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01235808

A. Pramanick, D. Damjanovic, J. E. Daniels, J. C. Nino, and J. L. Jones, Origins of electro-mechanical coupling in polycrystalline ferroelectrics during subcoercive electrical loading, Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol.92, issue.2, pp.293-309, 2011.

D. Damjanovic and M. Demartin, The rayleigh law in piezoelectric ceramics, Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, vol.29, issue.7, 1996.

D. Damjanovic and D. V. Taylor, Contributions to the nonlinear dielectric and piezoelectric response of ferroelectric thin films and ceramics, Ferroelectrics, vol.221, pp.137-146, 1999.

V. G. Annadamas, J. H. Pang, Y. Chew, H. J. Hoh, K. Zhou et al., Fatigue monitoring of double surface defects using PZT based electromechanical impedance and DIC methods, Advanced Materials Research, pp.551-556, 2014.

Y. A. Genenko, J. Glaum, M. J. Hoffmann, and K. Albea, Mechanisms of aging and fatigue in ferroelectrics, Materials Science and Engineering B, vol.192, pp.52-82, 2015.

H. Borgmann, . Messe-bremen, . Wfb-wirtschaftsförderung-bremen, and . Gmbh, 15th International Conference on New Actuators & 9th International Exhibition on Smart Actuators and Drive Systems, 2016.

R. Booth and P. Goldsmith, Detecting finger gestures with a wrist worn piezoelectric sensor array, 2017 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC), pp.3665-3670, 2017.

I. Mahbub, S. A. Pullano, H. Wang, S. K. Islam, A. S. Fiorillo et al., A low-power wireless piezoelectric sensor-based respiration monitoring system realized in CMOS process, IEEE Sensors Journal, vol.17, issue.6, pp.1858-1863, 2017.

J. Carioli, A. Delnavaz, R. J. Zednik, and J. Voix, Piezoelectric earcanal bending sensor, IEEE Sensors Journal, vol.18, issue.5, pp.2060-2067, 2018.

C. Dagdeviren, B. Yang, Y. Su, P. Tran, P. Joe et al., Conformal piezoelectric energy harvesting and storage from motions of the heart, lung, and diaphragm, PNAS 2014, vol.111, pp.1927-1932, 2013.

P. Cottinet, D. Guyomar, B. Guiffard, C. Putson, and L. Lebrun, Modeling and experimentation on an electrostrictive polymer composite for energy harvesting, IEEE Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control Society, pp.774-784, 2010.

K. F. Kwok, P. Dong, K. W. Cheng, K. W. Kwok, Y. L. Ho et al., General study on piezoelectric transformer, First International Conference on Power Electronics Systems and Applications, 2004.

C. Fei, C. Chiu, X. Chen, Z. Chen, J. Ma et al., Ultrahigh frequency

, MHz-300 MHz) ultrasonic transducers for optical resolution medical imagining, Scientific Reports, vol.6, issue.28360, 2016.

S. Zhang, R. Xia, L. Lebrun, D. Anderson, and T. Shrout, Piezoelectric materials for high power, high temperature applications, Materials Letters, vol.59, issue.27, pp.3471-3475, 2005.

J. Lang, B. Ding, T. Zhu, H. Su, H. Luo et al., Cycling of a lithium-ion battery with a silicon anode drives large mechanical actuation, Advanced Materials, vol.28, issue.46, 2016.

K. G. Webber, E. Aulbach, and J. Roedel, High temperature blocking force measurements of soft lead zirconate titanate, Journal of Physics D-Applied Physics, vol.43, issue.36, p.365401, 2010.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00569696

S. Borodin, J. Kim, H. Kim, P. Vasiljev, and S. Yoon, Nano-positioning system using linear ultrasonic motor with "shaking beam, Journal of Electroceramics, vol.12, pp.169-173, 2004.

J. Li, R. Sedaghati, J. Dargahi, and D. Waechter, Design and development of a new piezoelectric linear inchworm® actuator, Mechatronics, vol.15, issue.6, pp.651-681, 2005.

A. Khajepour, K. Morris, and S. Behjat, Micro-positioning device, 2007.

F. Chapuis, E. Defay, F. Casset, J. Manceau, F. Bastien et al., Microswitch with mixed piezoelectric and electrostatic actuation, International Solid-State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems Conference, 2007.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00346154

H. Vinhais, R. Ibrahim, and E. Silva, Simulation of a linear piezoelectric motor by using finite element method, ABCM Symposium Series in Mechatronics, vol.1, pp.697-706, 2004.

I. Babu, Piezoelectric composites: Design, fabrication and performance analysis, 2013.

R. Bechmann, Elastic, piezoelectric, and dielectric constants of polarized barium titanate ceramics and some applications of the piezoelectric equation, The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol.28, issue.3, pp.347-350, 1956.

K. Cheng, H. Chan, C. Choy, Q. Yin, H. Lu et al., Piezoelectric coefficients of PMN-0.33PT single crystals, Proceedings of the 2000 12th IEEE International Symposium on Applications of Ferroelectrics, 2000.

H. Lee, S. Zhang, Y. Bar-cohen, and S. Sherrit, High temperature, high power piezoelectric composite transducers, Sensors, vol.14, pp.14526-14552, 2014.

N. M. and V. Mathew, Tunable filter using ferroelectric-dielectric periodic multilayer, Applied Optics, vol.54, issue.9, pp.2187-2192, 2015.

R. Cuppens, P. K. Larsen, and G. A. Spierings, Ferroelectrics for non-volatile memory, Microelectronic Engineering, vol.19, pp.245-252, 1992.

Z. Wang, S. Khandelwal, and A. I. Khan, Ferroelectric oscillators and their coupled networks, IEEE Electron Device Letters, vol.38, issue.11, pp.1614-1617, 2017.

G. A. Salvatore, L. Lattanzio, D. Bouvet, I. Stolichnov, N. Setter et al., Ferroelectric transistors with improved characteristics at high temperature, Applied Physics Letters, vol.97, issue.053503, 2010.

J. Robertson, High dielectric constant gate oxides for metal oxide Si transistors, Reports on Progress in Physics, vol.69, pp.327-396, 2006.

C. Campbell, J. Van-wyk, M. Holm, and J. Schoeman, Aspects of modeling of high voltage ferroelectric nonlinear ceramic capacitors, IEEE Transactions On Components, Hybrids, and Manufacturing Technology, vol.15, 1992.

D. A. Hall, M. M. Ben-omran, and P. J. Stevenson, Field and temperature dependence of dielectric properties in BaTiO 3-based piezoceramics, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, vol.10, pp.461-476, 1998.

M. Elhadrouz, T. B. Zineb, and E. Patoor, Constitutive law for ferroelastic and ferroelectric piezoceramics, Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, vol.16, pp.221-236, 2005.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01769358

J. Huber and N. Fleck, Multi-axial electrical switching of a ferroelectric: theory versus experiment, Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, vol.49, issue.4, pp.785-811, 2001.

C. Landis, Non-linear constitutive modeling of ferroelectrics, Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science, vol.8, pp.59-69, 2004.

J. Ihlefeld, D. Harris, R. Keech, J. Jones, J. Maria et al., Scaling effects in perovskite ferroelectrics: Fundamental limits and process-structure-property relations, Journal of American Ceramic Society, vol.99, issue.8, pp.2537-2557, 2016.

A. Kimmel, P. Weaver, M. Cain, and P. Sushko, Defect-mediated lattice relaxation and domain stability in ferroelectric oxides, Physical Review Letters, vol.109, p.117601, 2012.

Y. Liu, Y. Tang, Y. Zhu, W. Wang, and X. Ma, The interactions of ferroelectric domain walls and crystallographic defects in the PbTiO 3 films, Proceedings of Microscopy & Microanalysis 2017, vol.23, pp.1664-1665, 2017.

P. Potnis, N. Tsou, and J. Huber, A review of domain modelling and domain imaging techniques in ferroelectric crystals, Materials, vol.4, issue.2, pp.417-447, 2011.

W. Chen and C. Lynch, A micro-electro-mechanical model for polarization switching of ferroelectric materials, Acta Materialia, vol.46, issue.15, pp.5303-5311, 1998.

C. Landis, Fully coupled, multi-axial, symmetric constitutive laws for polycrystalline ferroelectric ceramics, Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, vol.50, issue.1, pp.127-152, 2002.

J. Huber, Micromechanical modelling of ferroelectrics, Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science, vol.9, issue.3, pp.100-106, 2005.

L. Daniel, D. Hall, and P. J. Withers, A multiscale model for reversible ferroelectric behaviour of polycrystalline ceramics, Mechanics of Materials, vol.71, pp.85-100, 2014.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01099865

M. Stewart, M. G. Cain, and D. Hall, Ferroelectric Hysteresis Measurement & Analysis, report (no.cmmt/a.152) issn 1368-6550, 1999.

S. Kim and D. Ji, Temperature-dependent compressive creep of ferroelectric ceramics and evolution of remnant state variables, Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol.33, pp.1779-1792, 2013.

S. Park and T. Shrout, Ultrahigh strain and piezoelectric behavior in relaxor based ferroelectric single crystals, Journal of Applied Physics, vol.82, pp.1804-1811, 1997.
DOI : 10.1063/1.365983

M. A. Sutton, W. J. Walters, W. H. Peters, W. F. Ranson, and S. R. Mcneil, Determination of displacements using an improved digital correlation method, Image and Vision Computing, vol.1, issue.3, pp.133-139, 1983.
DOI : 10.1016/0262-8856(83)90064-1

J. Witz, P. Lecomte-grosbras, A. Morch, C. Martel, F. Lesaffre et al., Digital image correlation for large strain, International Digital Imaging Correlation Society, 2016.
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-319-51439-0_39

C. Eberl, R. Thompson, D. Gianola, W. Sharpe, and K. Hemker, Digital image correlation and tracking, 2006.

F. Hild and S. Roux, Correliq4 a software for "finite-element" displacement field measurements by DIC, 2008.

Z. Tomicevc, F. Hild, and S. Roux, Mechanics-aided digital image correlation, The Journal of Strain Analysis for Engineering Design, vol.48, issue.5, pp.330-343, 2013.

G. and &. Gom-correlate,

&. Lavision and . Davis,

C. Solutions, Vic-2d, vic-3d

, MatchID

P. Reu, Ex1-plate hole-sample12. https://sem.org/content.asp?contentid=197. Society for Experimental Mechanics

J. Pierré, Stéréo corrélation d'images numériques éléments finis : application à la validation de modèles de structures composites sous sollicitations complexes, 2016.

D. Garcia, Mesure de formes et de champs de déplacements tridimensionnels par stéréo-corrélation d'images, 2001.

S. Gupta, V. Parameswaran, M. A. Sutton, and A. Shukla, Study of dynamic underwater implosion mechanics using digital image correlation, Proceedings of the Royal Society A : Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, vol.470, issue.2172, 2014.

T. Siebert and K. Splitthof, Vibration analysis using 3d image correlation technique, EPJ Web of Conferences, vol.6, 2010.
DOI : 10.1051/epjconf/20100611004

URL : https://www.epj-conferences.org/articles/epjconf/pdf/2010/05/epjconf_ICEM14_11004.pdf

B. Pan, D. Wu, Z. Wang, and T. Xia, High-temperature digital image correlation method for full-field deformation measurement at 1200°C, Measurement Science and Technology, vol.22, p.15701, 2011.
DOI : 10.1088/0957-0233/22/1/015701

L. Xu, Z. Hou, D. Fu, L. Yang, W. Yi et al., Measurement of electrostriction in bone using digital image correlation, Optics and Lasers in Engineering, vol.65, pp.3-8, 2015.

M. W. Nansteel, C. , and C. Chen, Digital image correlation: A measurement tool for the study of explosive effects, Technologies for Homeland Sec, 2009.

L. Louis, T. Wong, and P. Baud, Imaging strain localization by x-ray radiography and digital image correlation: Deformation bands in rothbach sandstone, Journal of Structural Geology, vol.29, pp.129-140, 2007.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00144410

X. Wang, J. Witz, A. E. Bartali, and C. Jiang, Infrared thermography coupled with digital image correlation in studying plastic deformation on the mesoscale level, Optics and Lasers in Engineering, vol.86, pp.264-274, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01343285

N. Sabaté, D. Vogel, A. Gollhardt, J. Marcos, I. Gràcia et al., Digital image correlation of nanoscale deformation fields for local stress measurement in thin films, Nanotechnology, vol.17, pp.5264-5270, 2006.

V. Bickel, A. Manconi, and F. Amann, Quantitative assessment of digital image correlation methods to detect and monitor surface displacements of large slope instabilities, Remote Sensing, vol.10, issue.6, p.865, 2018.

T. Hutt and P. Cawley, Feasibility of digital image correlation for detection of cracks at fastener holes, NDT & E International, vol.42, pp.141-149, 2009.

A. Baldi, Residual stress measurement using hole drilling and integrated digital image correlation techniques, Experimental Mechanics, vol.54, pp.379-391, 2014.

A. Saraswathibhatla and J. Notbohm, Applications of DIC in the mechanics of collective cell migration, International Digital Imaging Correlation Society, pp.51-53, 2016.

A. Hijazi and V. Madhavan, A novel ultra-high speed camera for digital image processing applications, Measurement Science and Technology, vol.19, issue.085503, p.11, 2008.

S. Hamada, T. Fujisawa, M. Koyama, N. Koga, N. Nakada et al., Strain mapping with high spatial resolution across a wide observation range by digital image correlation on plastic replicas, Materials Characterization, vol.98, pp.140-146, 2014.

M. A. Sutton, J. Orteu, and H. Schreier, Image Correlation for Shape, Motion and Deformation Measurements, pp.978-978, 2009.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01729219

Z. Sun, J. Lyons, and S. R. Mcneill, Measuring microscopic deformations with digital image correlation, Optics and Lasers in Engineering, vol.27, pp.409-428, 1997.

M. Bornert, F. Brémand, P. Doumalin, J. Dupré, M. Fazzini et al., Assessment of digital image correlation measurement errors: methodology and results, Experimental Mechanics, vol.49, issue.3, pp.353-370, 2009.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00881043

D. Wang and M. J. , Measurement precision and spatial resolution with kriging digital image correlation, Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 2016.

G. Besnard, F. Hild, and S. Roux, Finite-Element" displacement fields analysis from digital images: Application to Portevin-Le Châtelier bands, Experimental Mechanics, vol.46, issue.6, pp.789-803, 2006.

M. Hisham, S. Yaakob, R. Raof, A. Nazren, and M. Nasrudin, Template matching using sum of squared difference and normalized cross correlation, 2015 IEEE Student Conference on Research and Development (SCOReD), 2015.

B. Lombard and F. Gatuingt, Analyse par corrélation d'images d'essais d'impact sur poutres en béton armé, 2013.

M. Mahal, T. Blanksvärd, T. Tä, and G. Sas, Using digital image correlation to evaluate fatigue behavior of strengthened reinforced concrete beams, Engineering Structures, vol.105, pp.277-288, 2015.

P. Lall, K. Mirza, and J. Suhling, A study on the effect of aging on thermal cycling reliability of SnAg-Cu interconnects using digital image correlation, 15th IEEE Intersociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena in Electronic Systems (ITherm), 2016.

B. Wattrisse, A. Chrysochoos, J. Muracciole, and M. Némoz-gaillard, Analysis of strain localization during tensile tests by digital image correlation, Experimental Mechanics, vol.41, issue.1, pp.29-39, 2000.

V. Tuninetti, G. Gilles, V. Péron-lührs, and A. Habraken, Compression test for metal characterization using digital image correlation and inverse modeling, Procedia IUTAM, vol.4, pp.206-214, 2012.

A. Fathi, J. Keller, and V. Altstaedt, Full-field shear analyses of sandwich core materials using digital image correlation (DIC), Composites: Part B, vol.70, pp.156-166, 2015.
DOI : 10.1016/j.compositesb.2014.10.045

M. Brabec, R. Lagana, J. Milch, J. Tippner, and V. Sebera, Utilization of digital image correlation in determining of both longitudinal shear moduli of wood at single torsion test, Wood Science and Technology, vol.51, issue.1, pp.29-45, 2016.

A. Farsi, A. Pullen, J. Latham, J. Bowen, M. Carlsson et al., Full deflection profile calculation and young's modulus optimisation for engineered high performance materials, Scientific Reports, vol.7, issue.46190, 2017.
DOI : 10.1038/srep46190

URL : https://www.nature.com/articles/srep46190.pdf

E. Alarcon, L. Heller, S. Arbab-chirani, P. Sittner, J. Kopecek et al., Fatigue performance of superelastic niti near stress-induced martensitic transformation, International Journal of Fatigue, vol.95, pp.76-89, 2017.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ijfatigue.2016.10.005

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01581016

F. M. Sánchez-arévaloa, T. García-fernández, G. Pulos, and M. Villagrán-muniz, Use of digital speckle pattern correlation for strain measurements in a CuAlBe shape memory alloy, Materials Characterization, vol.60, pp.775-782, 2009.

O. E. Ozbulut, S. Daghash, and M. M. Sherif, Shape memory alloy cables for structural applications, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering (ASCE), vol.2015, p.4015176, 2015.
DOI : 10.1061/(asce)mt.1943-5533.0001457

F. Zighem, M. Belmeguenai, D. Faurie, H. Haddadi, and J. Moulin, Combining ferromagnetic resonator and digital image correlation to study the strain induced resonance tunability in magnetoelectric heterostructures, Review of Scientific Instruments, vol.85, p.103905, 2014.

R. F. Elhajjar and C. T. Law, Magnetomechanical local-global effects in magnetostrictive composite materials, Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering, vol.23, p.75002, 2015.
DOI : 10.1088/0965-0393/23/7/075002

R. Bai, L. Wang, Z. Lei, and H. Chen, Experimental and numerical analysis of interfacial fracture in piezoelectric composites, Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials, vol.5, issue.12, pp.1328-1335, 2011.

T. B. Meuris, Imaging Methods for Novel Materials and Challenging Applications, Chapter 40Thermal Analysis of PZT Thin Films Using Digital Image Correlation, ser, Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series pp, vol.3, pp.287-294, 2012.

M. H. Malakooti and H. A. Sodano, Noncontact and simultaneous measurement of the d33 and d31 piezoelectric strain coefficients, Applied Physics Letters, vol.102, p.61901, 2013.
DOI : 10.1063/1.4791573

D. Chen and M. Kamlah, Deformation in lead zirconate titanate ceramics under large signal electric field loading measured by digital image correlation, Review of Scientific Instruments, vol.86, p.113707, 2015.
DOI : 10.1063/1.4936353

D. Chen, E. Carter, and M. Kamlah, Deformation behavior of lead zirconate titanate ceramics under uniaxial compression measured by the digital image correlation method, Smart Materials and Structures, vol.25, p.8, 2016.

H. Lu and P. D. Cary, Deformation measurements by digital image correlation: Implementation of a second-order displacement gradient, Experimental Mechanics, vol.40, pp.393-400, 2000.
DOI : 10.1007/bf02326485

B. K. Horn and B. G. Schunck, Determining optical flow, Artificial Intelligence, vol.17, issue.1-3, pp.185-203, 1981.
DOI : 10.1016/0004-3702(81)90024-2

J. Odobez and P. Bouthemy, Robust multiresolution estimation of parametric motion models, Internationnal Journal of Visual Communication and Image Representation, vol.6, issue.4, pp.348-365, 1995.
DOI : 10.1006/jvci.1995.1029

URL : http://www.idiap.ch/~odobez/publications/OdobezBouthemy-IJVCIR1995.pdf

M. J. Black, Robust incremental optical flow, 1992.

S. Roux, F. Hild, and Y. Berthaud, Correlation image velocimetry: a spectral approach, Applied Optics, vol.41, issue.1, pp.108-115, 2002.
DOI : 10.1364/ao.41.000108

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00002900

F. Hild, S. Roux, R. Gras, N. Guerrero, M. Marante et al., Displacement measurement technique for beam kinematics, Optics and Lasers in Engineering, vol.47, pp.495-503, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.optlaseng.2008.03.006

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00322196

P. Cheng, M. Sutton, H. Schreier, and S. Mcneill, Full-field speckle pattern image correlation with bspline deformation function, Experimental Mechanics, vol.42, issue.3, pp.344-352, 2002.
DOI : 10.1177/001448502321548445

B. Wagne, S. Roux, and F. Hild, Spectral approach to displacement evaluation from image analysis, The European Physical Journal Applied Physics, vol.17, pp.247-252, 2002.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00002903

F. Hild and S. Roux, Digital image correlation: from measurement to identification of elastic properties-a review, Strain, vol.42, pp.69-80, 2006.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00013816

S. Roux and F. Hild, Stress intensity factor measurements from digital image correlation: postprocessing and integrated approaches, International Journal of Fracture, vol.140, issue.1-4, pp.141-157, 2006.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00013818

H. Leclerc, J. Périé, S. Roux, and F. Hild, Integrated digital image correlation for the identification of mechanical properties, MIRAGE 2009: Computer Vision/Computer Graphics CollaborationTechniques, pp.161-171, 2009.

J. Réthoré, An extended and integrated digital image correlation technique applied to the analysis of fractured sample, European Journal of Computational Mechanics, vol.18, issue.3-4, pp.285-306, 2009.

O. Zienkiewicz and R. Taylor, The Finite Element Method: The Basis, vol.1, 2000.

E. Simoncelli, Computer Vision and Applications. Spring, 1999, ch. Bayesian multi-scale differential optical flow, pp.297-422

G. Broggiato, Adaptive image correlation technique for full-field strain measurement, 12th International Conference on Experimental Mechanics, pp.420-421, 2004.

Y. Sun, J. Pang, C. Wong, and F. Su, Finite-element formulation for a digital image correlation method, Applied Optics, vol.44, issue.34, pp.7357-7363, 2005.

F. Hild and S. Roux, Comparison of local and global approaches to digital image correlation, Experimental Mechanics, vol.52, pp.1503-1519, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00750756

D. Claire, F. Hild, and S. Roux, A finite element formulation to identify damage fields: the equilibrium gap method, International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, vol.61, pp.189-208, 2004.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00002899

B. Pan, H. Xie, Z. Wang, K. Qian, and Z. Wang, Study on subset size selection in digital image correlation for speckle patterns, Optics Express, vol.16, issue.10, pp.7037-7048, 2008.

H. W. Schreier, J. R. Braasch, and M. A. Sutton, Systematic errors in digital image correlation caused by intensity interpolation, Optical Engineering, vol.39, issue.11, pp.2915-2921, 2000.

M. Bornert, P. Doumalin, J. Dupré, C. Poilâne, L. Robert et al., Shortcut in DIC error assessment induced by image interpolation used for subpixel shifting, Optics and Lasers in Engineering, vol.91, pp.124-133, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01620034

Y. Su, Q. Zhang, X. Xu, and Z. Gao, Quality assessment of speckle patterns for DIC by consideration of both systematic errors and random errors, Optics and Lasers in Engineering, vol.86, pp.132-142, 2016.

Y. Wang, M. Sutton, H. Bruck, and H. Schreier, Quantitative error assessment in pattern matching: Effects of intensity pattern noise, interpolation, strain and image contrast on motion measurements, Strain, vol.45, issue.2, pp.160-178, 2009.

S. Yaofeng and J. Pang, Study of optimal subset size in digital image correlation of speckle pattern images, Optics and Lasers in Engineering, vol.45, pp.967-974, 2007.

A. Guery, Développement d'une méthode de corrélation d'images numériques adaptée aux mesures cinématiques dans les polycristaux : application à l'identification de paramètres de lois de plasticité cristalline, Mechanics of materials, 2014.

D. Lecompte, A. Smits, S. Bossuyt, H. Sol, J. Vantomme et al., Quality assessment of speckle patterns for digital image correlation, Optics and Lasers in Engineering, vol.44, pp.1132-1145, 2006.

T. Hua, H. Xie, S. Wang, Z. Hu, P. Chen et al., Evaluation of the quality of a speckle pattern in the digital image correlation method by mean subset fluctuation, Optics and Laser Technology, vol.43, pp.9-13, 2010.

M. Ashrafi and M. Tuttle, Measurement of strain gradients using digital image correlation by applying printed-speckle patterns, Experimental Techniques, vol.40, issue.2, pp.891-897, 2016.

V. Segouin, M. Domenjoud, Y. Bernard, and L. Daniel, Development of a 2D DIC experimental tool for piezoelectric strains measurements, International Digital Imaging Correlation Society, pp.45-50, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01456874

A. Cannon, J. Hochhalter, G. Bomarito, and T. Ruggles, Micro speckle stamping: High contrast, no basecoat, repeatable, well-adhered, International Digital Imaging Correlation Society, pp.141-143, 2017.

P. Mazzoleni, E. Zappa, F. Matta, and M. A. Sutton, Thermo-mechanical toner transfer for highquality digital image correlation speckle patterns, Optics and Laser Lasers in Engineering, vol.75, pp.72-80, 2015.

Z. Chen, C. Quan, F. Zhu, and X. He, A method to transfer speckle patterns for digital image correlation, Measurement Science and Technology, vol.26, p.95201, 2015.

C. Lane, R. L. Burguete, and A. Shterenlikht, An objective criterion for the selection of an optimum DIC pattern and subset size, Proceedings of the XIth International Congress and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, 2008.

G. Crammond, S. W. Boyd, and J. M. Dulieu-barton, Speckle pattern quality assessment for digital image correlation, Optics and Lasers in Engineering, vol.51, pp.1368-1378, 2013.


P. Mazzoleni, F. Matta, E. Zappa, M. Sutton, and A. Cigada, Gaussian pre-filtering for uncertainty minimization in digital image correlation using numerically-designed speckle patterns, Optics and Lasers in Engineering, vol.66, pp.19-33, 2015.

B. Pan, L. Yu, and D. Wu, High-accuracy 2d digital image correlation measurements with bilateral telecentric lenses: Error analysis and experimental verification, Experimental Mechanics, vol.53, pp.1719-1733, 2013.

F. L. Pedrotti and L. S. Pedrotti, Introduction to Optics, pp.391-399, 1987.

K. Trantham and T. Reece, Demonstration of the airy disk using photography and simple light sources, American Journal of Physics, vol.83, p.928, 2015.

R. , Spectrum of visible electromagnetic waves

. Pexels, Depth of field, 2016.

N. Waltham, Observing Photons in Space, CCD and CMOS sensors, pp.391-408, 2010.

, American Piezo-Piezoelectric ceramic: Common shape and size

, Noliac-Ceramic plate dimensions

, PI Ceramic-Ceramic plates and blocks dimensions

L. Ming, F. Sahlen, D. Wu, G. Asplund, and B. Jacobson, Humidity effects on dielectric strength of air-gaps for indoor HV installations, 2005 Annual Report Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena, 2005.

J. Blaber, B. Adair, and A. Antoniou, A methodology for high resolution digital image correlation in high temperature experiments, Review of Scientific Instruments, vol.86, p.35111, 2015.

P. Lopez-crespo, B. Moreno, A. Lopez-moreno, and J. Zapatero, Characterisation of crack-tip fields in biaxial fatigue based on high-magnification image correlation and electro-spray technique, International Journal of Fatigue, vol.71, pp.17-25, 2015.

S. Roux and F. Hild, Toughness measurement in brittle materials from digital image correlation, 11th International Conference on Fracture 2005 (ICF11), p.3749, 2005.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00022712

P. Forquin, L. Rota, Y. Charles, and F. Hild, A method to determine the macroscopic toughness scatter of brittle materials, International Journal of Fracture, vol.125, issue.1-2, pp.171-187, 2004.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00002912

M. Calamaz, D. Coupard, and F. Girot, Strain field measurement in orthogonal machining of a titanium alloy, Advanced Materials Research, vol.498, pp.237-242, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00911094

M. Poncelet, G. Barbier, B. Raka, S. Courtin, R. Desmorat et al., Dic-aided biaxial fatigue tests of a 304 steel, EPJ Web of Conferences, vol.6, 2010.

M. Saleh and G. Lubineau, Understanding the mechanisms that change the conductivity of damaged ITO-coated polymeric films: A micro-mechanical investigation, Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, vol.130, pp.199-207, 2014.

B. Albinski, H. Schneider, I. Sacksteder, and O. Kraft, A new high-temperature indentation device for characterization of materials for fusion applications, Journal of Nuclear Materials, vol.442, issue.1-3, pp.865-868, 2013.

B. Kaeswurm, V. Segouin, L. Daniel, and K. G. Webber, The anhysteretic polarisation of ferroelectrics, Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, vol.51, issue.7, 2018.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01727810

D. Damjanovic, The Science of Hysteresis, Hysteresis in piezoelectric and ferroelectric materials, vol.3, pp.337-452, 2006.

J. Jones, E. Aksel, G. Tutuncu, T. Usher, J. Chen et al., Domain wall and interphase boundary motion in a two-phase morphotropic phase boundary ferroelectric: Frequency dispersion and contribution to piezoelectric and dielectric properties, Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, vol.86, issue.3, p.24104, 2012.

D. Bochenek, R. Skulski, P. Wawrzala, and D. Brzezinska, Dielectric and ferroelectric properties and electric conductivity of sol gel derived PBZT ceramics, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol.509, pp.5356-5363, 2011.

O. Losson, L. Macaire, and Y. Yang, Comparison of color demosaicing methods, Advances in imaging and electron physics, vol.162, pp.173-265, 2010.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00683233

S. Ccd, Sensor Sony ICX814. 1stVision website

J. Boone, T. Yu, and J. Seibert, Sinusoidal modulation analysis for optical system mtf measurements, Medical Physics, vol.23, p.1955, 1996.

N. Nill, Conversion between sine wave and square wave spatial frequency response of an imaging system, MITRE Corporation, 2001.

X. Zhang, T. Kashti, D. Kella, T. Frank, D. Shaked et al., Measuring the modulation transfer function of image capture devices: What do the numbers really mean, Proceedings of SPIE-The International Society for Optical Engineering, 2012.

A. Charbal, J. Dufour, A. Guery, F. Hild, S. Roux et al., Integrated digital image correlation considering gray level and blur variations: Application to distortion measurements of ir camera, Optics and Lasers in Engineering, vol.78, pp.75-85, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01303516

J. Dufour, F. Hild, and S. Roux, Integrated digital image correlation for the evaluation and correction of optical distortions, Optics and Lasers in Engineering, vol.56, pp.121-133, 2014.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00947401

J. Réthoré, A fully integrated noise robust strategy for the identification of constitutive laws from digital images, International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, vol.84, pp.631-660, 2010.

Z. Gao, X. Xu, Y. Su, and Q. Zhang, Experimental analysis of image noise and interpolation bias in digital image correlation, Optics and Lasers in Engineering, vol.81, pp.46-53, 2016.

D. Rubin, A simple autocorrelation algorithm for determining grain size from digital images of sediment, Journal of Sedimentary Research, vol.74, issue.1, pp.160-165, 2004.

M. Devaux, P. Robert, J. Melcion, and F. Le-deschault-de-monredon, Particle size analysis of bulk powders using mathematical morphology, Powder Technology, vol.90, pp.141-147, 1997.

D. Ioannou, W. Huda, and A. Laine, Circle recognition through a 2d hough transform and radius histogramming, Image and Vision Computing, vol.17, pp.15-26, 1999.

W. Scrivens, Y. Luo, M. Sutton, S. Collette, M. Myrick et al., Development of patterns for digital image correlation measurements at reduced length scales, Experimental Mechanics, vol.47, pp.63-77, 2007.

M. Sutton, W. Zhao, S. Mcneill, J. Helm, R. Piascik et al., Local crack closure measurements: Development of a measurement system using computer vision and a far-field microscope, Advances in Fatigue Crack Closure Measurement and Analysis, pp.145-156, 1999.

A. Salmanpour and N. Mojsilovic, Application of digital image correlation for strain measurements of large masonry walls, 5th APCOM and 4th ISCM 2013, 2013.

G. Lionello and L. Cristofolini, A practical approach to optimizing the preparation of speckle patterns for digital-image correlation, Measurement Science and Technology, vol.25, p.107001, 2014.

T. A. Berfield, J. Patel, R. Shimmin, P. Braun, J. Lambros et al., Micro-and nanoscale deformation measurement of surface and internal planes via digital image correlation, Experimental Mechanics, vol.47, pp.51-62, 2007.

Y. Barranger, P. Doumalin, J. Dupré, and A. Germaneau, Digital image correlation accuracy: influence of kind of speckle and recording setup, EPJ Web of Conferences, vol.6, 2010.

C. Tay, C. Quan, Y. Huang, and Y. Fu, Digital image correlation for whole field out-of-plane displacement measurement using a single camera, Optics Communications, vol.251, pp.23-36, 2005.

M. A. Sutton, J. H. Yan, V. Tiwari, H. W. Schreier, and J. J. Orteu, The effect of out-of-plane motion on 2D and 3D digital image correlation measurements, Optical and Lasers in Engineering, vol.46, pp.746-757, 2008.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01644893

E. Jones and P. Reu, Distortion of full-field surface displacements from heat waves, International Digital Imaging Correlation Society, pp.41-43, 2017.

E. Sawaguchi, Ferroelectricity versus antiferroelectricity in the solid solutions of PbZrO 3 and PbTiO 3, Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, vol.8, issue.5, p.615, 1953.

P. W. Forsbergh, Encyclopedia of Physics / Handbuch der Physik book series, Piezoelectricity, Electrostriction and Ferroelectricity, vol.4, pp.264-392, 1956.

R. Herbiet, U. Robels, H. Dederichs, and G. Arlt, Domain wall and volume contributions to material properties of PZT ceramics, Ferroelectrics, vol.98, pp.107-121, 1989.

M. Davis, Phase transitions, anisotropy and domain engineering: The piezoelectric properties of relaxor-ferroelectric single crystals, 2006.

C. Sawyer and C. Tower, Rochelle salt as a dielectric, Physical Review, vol.35, p.269, 1930.

A. M. Glazer, P. Groves, and D. T. Smith, Automatic sampling circuit for ferroelectric hysteresis loops, Journal of Physics E: Scientific Instruments, vol.17, issue.2, pp.95-97, 1984.
DOI : 10.1088/0022-3735/17/2/001

H. Tang, S. Zhang, Y. Feng, F. Li, and T. R. Shrout, Piezoelectric property and strain behavior of Pb(Yb 0.5 Nb 0.5 )O 3-PbHfO 3-PbTiO 3 polycrystalline ceramics, Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol.96, issue.9, pp.2857-2863, 2013.

V. Segouin, B. Kaeswurm, K. Webber, and L. Daniel, Temperature-dependent anhysteretic behavior of co-doped pzt, Journal of Applied Physics, vol.124, p.104103, 2018.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01943246

M. Lines and A. Glass, Principles and Applications of Ferroelectrics and Related Materials, 1977.

R. Yimnirun, S. Ananta, A. Ngamjarurojana, and S. Wongsaenmai, Uniaxial stress dependence of ferroelectric properties of xPMN-(1-x)PZT ceramic systems, Applied Physics A, vol.81, issue.6, pp.1227-1231, 2005.

S. Sukesha, V. Renu, and N. Kumar, Variation of piezoelectric coefficient and dielectric constant with electric field and temperature: A review, Proceedings of 2014 RAECS UIET, 2014.

S. Li, W. Cao, and L. E. Cross, The extrinsic nature of nonlinear behavior observed in lead zirconate titanate ferroelectric ceramic, Journal of Applied Physics, vol.69, p.7219, 1991.

C. C. Chung, Microstructural evolution in lead zirconate titanate (PZT) piezoelectric ceramics, 2014.

Q. Chen, D. Yao, C. Kim, and G. Carman, Mesoscale actuator device: micro interlocking mechanism to transfer macro load, Sensors and Actuators, vol.73, pp.30-36, 1999.

S. Shao, S. Song, N. Chen, and M. Xu, Structure and control strategy for a piezoelectric inchworm actuator equipped with mems ridges, Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, vol.264, pp.40-50, 2017.

A. Schäufele and K. Härdtl, Ferroelastic properties of lead zirconate titanate ceramics, Journal of the american ceramic society, vol.79, issue.10, pp.2637-2640, 1996.

M. Marsilius, K. Webber, E. Aulbach, and T. Granzow, Comparison of the temperature-dependent ferroelastic behavior of hard and soft lead zirconate titanate ceramics, Journal of American Ceramic Society, vol.93, issue.9, pp.2850-2856, 2010.

D. Zhou, M. Kamlah, and D. Munz, Effects of uniaxial prestress on the ferroelectric hysteretic response of soft pzt, Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol.25, issue.4, pp.425-432, 2005.

Y. Li, W. Zhou, and F. Li, Temperature-dependent mechanicaldepolarization of ferroelectric ceramics, Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, vol.43, p.8, 2010.

P. Chaplya and G. Carman, Compression of piezoelectric ceramic at constant electric field: Energy absorption through non-180° domain-wall motion, Journal of Applied Physics, vol.92, p.1504, 2002.

D. York, N. Evensen, M. Martinez, and J. Delgado, Unified equations for the slope, intercept, and standard errors of the best straight line, American Journal of Physics, vol.72, issue.3, 2004.

T. Wiens, , 2010.

M. Mitrovic, G. Carman, and F. Straub, Response of piezoelectric stack actuators under combined electro-mechanical loading, International Journal of Solids and Structures, vol.38, pp.4357-4374, 2001.

C. S. Lynch, Electro-mechanical coupling in 8/65/35 PLZT, Proceedings of the Ninth IEEE International Symposium on Applications of Ferroelectrics, vol.94, pp.357-360, 1994.

P. Chaplya and G. Carman, Dielectric and piezoelectric response of lead zirconate-lead titanate at high electric and mechanical loads in terms of non-180° domain wall motion, Journal of Applied Physics, vol.90, p.5278, 2001.

C. Lynch, The effet of uniaxial stress on the electro-mechanical response of 8/65/3 plzt, Acta Materialia, 1996.

R. Yimnirun, S. Wongsaenmai, Y. Laosiritaworn, and S. Ananta, Uniaxial stress dependence and scaling behavior of dynamic hysteresis responses in soft pzt ceramics, 2006 IEEE International Symposium on the Applications of Ferroelectrics, 2006.

N. Wongdamnern, N. Triamnak, A. Ngamjarurojana, Y. Laosiritaworn, S. Ananta et al., Comparative studies of dynamic hysteresis responses in hard and soft pzt ceramics, Ceramics International, vol.34, pp.731-734, 2008.

R. Yimnirun, N. Triamnak, M. Unruan, A. Ngamjarurojana, Y. Laosiritaworn et al., Ferroelectric properties of Pb(Zr 1/2 Ti 1/2 )O 3-Pb(Zn 1/3 Nb 2/3 )O 3 ceramics under compressive stress, Current Applied Physics, 2008.

B. Peng and Z. Yue, Effect of uniaxial compressive stress on the partially fatigued soft lead zirconate titanate piezoelectric ceramics, Key Engineering Materials, pp.817-821, 2014.

X. Wu, X. Lu, A. Chen, Y. Yin, J. Ma et al., Stress effects on ferroelectric and fatigue properties of Nd-and La-doped Bi4Ti3O12 thin films, Applied Physics Letters, vol.86, p.92904, 2005.
DOI : 10.1063/1.1873063

S. Patel, A. Chauhan, V. Rojas, N. Noval, F. Weyland et al., Thermomechanical energy conversion potential of lead-free 0.50Ba(Zr 0.2 Ti 0.8 )O 3-0.50(Ba 0.7 Ca 0.3 )TiO 3 bulk ceramics, Energy Technology, vol.6, pp.872-882, 2018.

D. Zhou, M. Kamlah, and D. Munz, Uniaxial compressive stress dependence of the high-fielddielectric and piezoelectric performance of softpzt piezoceramics, Journal of Materials Research, vol.19, issue.3, pp.834-842, 2004.

R. Dittmer, K. G. Webber, E. Aulbach, J. Wook, X. Tan et al., Optimal working regime of lead-zirconate-titanate for actuation applications, Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, vol.189, pp.187-194, 2013.
DOI : 10.1016/j.sna.2012.09.015

V. Segouin, M. Domenjoud, Y. Bernard, and &. L. Daniel, Mechancis-aided Digital Image Correlation for the investigation of piezoelectric and ferroelectric behaviour of a soft PZT

V. Segouin, B. Kaeswurm, K. G. Webber, and &. L. Daniel, Temperature-Dependent Anhysteretic Behavior of Co-Doped PZT, Journal of Applied Physics, vol.124, 2018.
DOI : 10.1063/1.5040556

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01943246

B. Kaeswurm, V. Segouin, L. &. Daniel, and . Webber, The Anhysteretic Polarisation of Ferroelectrics, Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, issue.7, p.51, 2018.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01727810

V. Segouin, M. Domenjoud, Y. Bernard, and &. L. Daniel, Development of a 2D DIC Experimental Tool for Piezoelectric Strains Measurements, International Digital Imaging Correlation Society, pp.45-50, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01456874

V. Segouin, M. Domenjoud, Y. Bernard, and &. L. Daniel, Mesure de déformations piézoélectriques par corrélation d'images numériques, 2017.

V. Segouin, M. Domenjoud, Y. Bernard, and &. L. Daniel, Digital Image Correlation for piezoelectric strain characterisation, Electroceramics for End-users IX conference, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01477344