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Numerical Modelling of an Anodic Metal Bath Heated with an Argon Transferred Arc

Abstract : A new 3-D model has been developed to describe the interaction between a transferred electric arc and a liquid metal bath, and has been used to simulate a pilot axisymmetrical transferred arc furnace operating in the EDF Research and Development laboratory. This model enables calculations of the flow patterns, temperature distribution and electromagnetic fields in both the arc and the bath. The Navier-Stokes equation coupled with the electromagnetic relations are solved in each domain using a finite volume method. The source term in the radiative energy equation is modeled using the radiative transfer method in order to take into account the strong temperature variations in the electric arc. The transport and condensation of metal vapour in the arc domain are considered by solving a conservation equation for the vapour mass fraction. The arc flow calculation at the bath surface uses a one-dimensional sheath model taking account of the metal vapour, in order to ensure the coupling between the plasma and the bath by evaluating the boundary conditions at the arc/bath interface. The calculations were performed for an arc length of 0.25 m. Realistic predictions are obtained for the electrical, dynamic and thermal behaviour of the plasma and liquid metal, and also for the arc voltage. The results indicate that the effects of the arc impact and Lorentz forces are not sufficient to induce effective mixing throughout the metal bath, leading to a marked thermal stratification in the liquid metal. In the bath, the liquid/solid interface has been determined by calculations. Keywords
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 7, 2016 - 4:38:44 PM
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Alexandre Douce, Clarisse Delalondre, Hervé Biausser, Jean-Bernard Guillot. Numerical Modelling of an Anodic Metal Bath Heated with an Argon Transferred Arc. ISIJ international, Iron & Steel Institute of Japan, 2003, 43 (8), pp.1128-1135. ⟨10.2355/isijinternational.43.1128⟩. ⟨hal-01252552⟩

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