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Journal Articles IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics Year : 2021

COMBING: Clustering in Oncology for Mathematical and Biological Identification of Novel Gene Signatures

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Abstract

Precision medicine is a paradigm shift in healthcare relying heavily on genomics data. However, the complexity of biological interactions, the large number of genes as well as the lack of comparisons on the analysis of data, remain a tremendous bottleneck regarding clinical adoption. In this paper, we introduce a novel, automatic and unsupervised framework to discover low-dimensional gene biomarkers. Our method is based on the LP-Stability algorithm, a high dimensional centerbased unsupervised clustering algorithm. It offers modularity as concerns metric functions and scalability, while being able to automatically determine the best number of clusters. Our evaluation includes both mathematical and biological criteria to define a quantitative metric. The recovered signature is applied to a variety of biological tasks, including screening of biological pathways and functions, and characterization relevance on tumor types and subtypes. Quantitative comparisons among different distance metrics, commonly used clustering methods and a referential gene signature used in the literature, confirm state of the art performance of our approach. In particular, our signature, based on 27 genes, reports at least 30 times better mathematical significance (average Dunn's Index) and 25% better biological significance (average Enrichment in Protein-Protein Interaction) than those produced by other referential clustering methods. Finally, our signature reports promising results on distinguishing immune inflammatory and immune desert tumors, while reporting a high balanced accuracy of 92% on tumor types classification and averaged balanced accuracy of 68% on tumor subtypes classification, which represents, respectively 7% and 9% higher performance compared to the referential signature.
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Dates and versions

hal-03530265 , version 1 (17-01-2022)

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Enzo Battistella, Maria Vakalopoulou, Roger Sun, Théo Estienne, Marvin Lerousseau, et al.. COMBING: Clustering in Oncology for Mathematical and Biological Identification of Novel Gene Signatures. IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, 2021, pp.1-1. ⟨10.1109/TCBB.2021.3123910⟩. ⟨hal-03530265⟩
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